There are many important uses of aluminum oxide. It is used as an electrical insulator, as a substrate for integrated circuits, and as a polishing agent. In addition, it is used as a catalyst for various industrial processes.
Aluminum compounds can be toxic to humans and animals. This is because the compounds react with water to form a hydrogen gas. Some metal oxides also have acidic properties. The dissolved Al3+-ions are toxic to plants.
Aluminium oxide can be produced in many different forms, from pure crystals to amorphous and fused oxides. It is one of the most common materials found in a number of glass formulations. However, it does not react with water like sodium oxide does.
When aluminium oxide reacts with liquid water, it reacts with hydrochloric acid to form aluminium chloride. The chemical reaction is known as an acid-base neutralization. As the reaction proceeds, the molecules of hydroxylic acid react with each other to form aluminium hydroxide.
Aluminum oxide is a white, odorless, and acidic substance. This type of oxide is usually formed in a crystalline form. Although it is insoluble in water, it can react with other acidic substances, such as nitric and acetic acids.
As a result of its acidic nature, it can be used as an abrasive. It is also used in the manufacture of aluminum alloys. Aluminum oxide is often used in cosmetics and skin care products.
It is also used in the production of various chemicals. In particular, it is useful in the dehydration of alcohols to alkenes.